the thermal insulation of a stone wall – Stone walls offer a unique look to your home. But beyond the aesthetic side , the fact remains that these stone walls should receive a good thermal insulation, not only to prevent mold growth – helped by the cold walls – but also allow you to have some comfort in your home in the summer and reduce energy consumption during the winter.
To isolate a wall, you can use several isolation techniques. In the case of a stone wall , you can not use the integrated insulation building materials such as aerated concrete , brick , hemp brick with insulation core , etc. . You will have to choose between insulate your wall inside or Conversely, working thermal insulation from the outside. Since both methods have both advantages and disadvantages , you need to determine the solution that best suits you .
The insulation of the stone wall from the inside
Insulation stone walls from the inside has the advantage of being easily implemented in addition to keeping the aesthetics of the stone that gives a certain charm and a rustic side to your home. Also, if your wall is rather difficult to access as a house floor, interior insulation is much more convenient. Indeed, the insulation will be only to place partitions lining your walls. Practically , you’ll stick framing dubbing on your wall that you fill with insulation that you have selected (wool coconut , sheep wool , cork, wood fiber , hemp … ) . A new plate is then installed to form your new interior wall.
You can also apply directly on your wall insulation boards made of extruded polystyrene or mineral wool , then apply plaster like coating. Note that it is much healthier and more economical to use cellulose wadding as an insulator because it prevents the formation of mold and supports a high humidity . Conversely, it is advisable not to use traditional glass wool and rock wool can be irritating or even harmful , with heavy consequences for the environment .
As against , the interior insulation has certain drawbacks. You will thus provide a more or less significant reduction of your inner space because partitions dubbing. In addition, thermal bridges remain and it will be necessary to make a complete study of your home to detect. Remember also that the insulation will be less effective over time. Finally, isolate your stone walls from the inside, is to eliminate the advantage of the natural thermal inertia of the stone that nonetheless provides real comfort in summer while providing freshness.
The insulation of the stone wall from the outside
Conversely to the inner insulation , external insulation creates a whole insulating jacket around your home by installing partitions siding or simply by applying an insulating coating before installing siding panels . This isolation method is definitely more effective than the previous one, even eliminating thermal bridges except perhaps the gaps in the foundation . In addition, you will maintain the thermal inertia of your stone wall. This is the ideal method to substantially reduce your heating expenses .
Thermal exterior insulation will cost more , especially because you need to hire professionals to provide insulation . Indeed , the work requires the establishment scaffolding. Another important drawback , thermal insulation from the outside can not see the appearance of the stone because of the coating. If you hold a lot in this aspect of aesthetics, this solution is obviously not suit you. However, you have the advantage of not having to touch the interior finishes of the house (wallpaper, paint, etc. . ) .
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