Thermal insulation of facades with mineral wool
If you plan to work on the insulation of the facade , watch the choice of materials , since it is the main element that determines the properties of the surface further . Insulation often conducted by a special technology using external insulation.
Most people opt for facade insulation mineral wool , as this material has a lot of advantages in comparison with other types of heaters .
Pluses facade insulation wool: a large number of low-cost high-quality insulation and vapor permeability of the outer insulation. Facade insulation is performed in different ways , but the most popular is the “wet” method . Advantages of this method:
– The installation on different surfaces ;
– low price ;
– a wide selection of colors and textures ;
– warming slopes;
– ease – works;
– further update the facade ;
– unlimited architectural solutions .
Insulation systems consist of three layers . Detailed discussion of each of them.
Laying insulation boards
Insulation boards are the basis of the entire system. Wool for insulation of facades made of rocks that melt at temperatures greater than 1000 degrees, mixtures of sediment and various metallurgical slag .
The main property of mineral wool , which sets it apart from other thermal insulation materials – absolute flammability , high sound insulation and thermal insulation capacity , resistance to temperature , non-hygroscopicity , biological and chemical stability , ease of installation and environmental friendliness.
This layer provides high adhesion of protective and decorative layer to the surface of a heat insulator . To attach the mineral wool and the formation of the reinforcing layer adhesive composition is used , made from dry mixes .
Reinforcing mesh for plaster – this kind of glass fabric to size of open cells . Its main feature – the reinforcement and protection of surfaces from cracking during the plastering work .
The last layer – decorative . He gives the facade finished look and protects the system from the adverse weather conditions.
To align surfaces before painting done putty. Usually it is applied on the primer layer , as they themselves do not provide a reliable level of adhesion of the substrate and the overlying coating layers. Decorative plaster is then applied , the surface is painted or covered with other finishing materials .
For protective and decorative painting of facades using high quality organic dye . This is especially true vintage objects of brick and concrete , cement-lime and cement plasters , asbestos and other types of plates.
Properties of mineral wool
Fire protection . The main difference from the foam – wool does not burn , does not smoke , and only melts , it does not emit harmful toxic substances.
Durability. Facade of the house with insulation mineral wool , it will serve you from 30 to 60 years without losing the original characteristics . Foam in 10-20 years will have to be replaced.
Mineral wool do not eat rodents . Some consider it a trifle , but in practice it can be a big problem . Just imagine what your facade live mouse. Bad news , right?
Facades , insulated with mineral wool , breathable . Thanks to this house “breathes” . If this will not require ventilation for good air circulation . Otherwise, the insulation layer accumulates moisture and fungi multiply .
If we compare the facade insulation foam and mineral wool insulation , they are very similar. Materials are identical in value and method of application , which is why the choice depends entirely on your preferences. For more details on the cost of mineral wool is available here.
Pros rockwool undeniable , but it has some drawbacks . Conducted extensive research that affects whether insulating material on human and animal health . Scientists , environmentalists and doctors came to the unanimous conclusion that the carcinogenic substances that make up the mineral wool immeasurable harm to the human body . Therefore, the material is better used for external insulation .
Manufacturers of mineral wool give the buyer a guarantee that the harmful substances contained in the product are in a minimum amount . If you follow all the rules and operate in the correct mounting material , these substances do not pose any threat to human or pet-friendly . Such insulation material tested in Federal Service and other organizations responsible for production control.
If you decide to insulate the house with the help of mineral wool , watch the choice of the manufacturer . The facility should be kept constant quality control. Selecting proven company , you will minimize the health risk residents of the house .
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