Thermal insulation bath is one of the most important factors that influence the retention of heat in the steam room . Using a heater for a bath , as thermal insulation of walls, ceilings or floors , you achieve energy savings or firewood expended on heating , sauna bath , as well as increase its service life . Wall insulation baths with foil vapor barrier ( vapor barrier with foil ) can minimize the loss of heat through them, and also prevents moisture from entering the bearing walls .
The most important thing when applying thermal bath room is the choice of the necessary materials. Currently, the most effective and cheapest material for insulation is mineral wool insulation baths , and as suggested to use a vapor barrier foil materials reinforced with a vapor barrier , which helps avoid the effect of “thermos” in the sauna bath.
Wall insulation baths
Wall insulation in the bath is usually performed indoors, but it is better when the insulation is installed on the outside , because of the possibility of getting into the room allocation at high temperatures close to 100-130 degrees Celsius. With insulation inside the bath , wall mounted vertical and horizontal battens from the bar thickness greater than the thickness of insulation in the walls of 2-3 cm , so that insulation is not slipped and crumpled and did not lose their insulating properties , thermal insulation is then placed between the bars of crates , top mounted foil or foil vapor barrier , so that the vapor barrier between the insulation and the distance left . Next, a vertical batten thickness of 3-5 cm, which is stuffed Dry Lining or other finishing material. So between the foil and lining formed the distance for drying and better performance vapor barrier. When the device outside the bath heater , the same operation is repeated , but without the use of vapor barriers , as insulators in this case will be installed between the indoor and walled Lining carrier .
Thermal insulation ceiling baths
Properly insulate the ceiling in the bath and make a vapor barrier is probably the main factor in the fact that the bath will operate soundly. In the last century to insulate the ceiling in the bath used the land , it was poured on top of the attic. At the present time, we have a number of eco-friendly materials that have a lot of positive qualities in comparison with the ” old-fashioned ” way.
The ceiling in the bath it is best to insulate the outside , using mineral wool , basalt insulation , glass wool or expanded clay . Thermal insulation is similar to the insulation of the walls: if the insulation on the outside , the inside vapor barrier attached bath if the thermal insulation inside , the vapor barrier is also between wool and foil. All seams to the flue pipe daubed with fire retardant mastic , asbestos and non-combustible materials. “Before, ” places of contiguity to the chimney in the bath , they faced it felt, at critical temperatures , he began to smoke and emit an unpleasant odor , making it possible to understand that the temperature and the critical need to take action.
Thermal insulation of floors in the bath
There are several ways to make warming the floor in the bath . Since the environment there is very wet , the insulation must be isolated from direct contact with moisture on it. Thus the floor must be concrete . Line the bottom , then make screed , the screed is laid waterproofing (roofing , film, IZOSPAN , etc.), then the insulation (extruded polystyrene foam , mineral wool high density ROOF , P- 125 , P- 175 ) , top insulation and screed again 3 -4 cm Now you have two options : to establish a “warm floor” and stick tile or without a ” warm floor” to lay a wood floor, impregnated with a special compound to decay , respectively, all of this is done with the organization of waste water (corresponding to the slope floor drain drainage etc.).
Dear reader , we live in a different time and in your hands a huge selection of materials , their main thing is to find and buy . Be wary of vendors that you want to sell low-quality stuff!
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