Various inorganic materials are made into thin fibers and are used for structural hardening or insulation; they are known as artificial mineral fibers (IMV). Types of artificial mineral fibers are called: mineral cotton wool (which includes mineral wool, slag wool and glass), continuous elementary filament, ultra-thin and fireproof (or ceramic) artificial mineral fiber. The names of these classes of materials are of different origins and are not necessarily mutually exclusive.
Fiberglass is made by a variety of methods that depend on the desired final product (e.g. solid, mat or rope). For example, it can be made of cotton wool and used for insulation. Mineral cotton wool can also be increased in density and reinforced to produce a pre-formed rigid section that will be used as a pipe insulation.
Stone wool is obtained by melting a mixture of metallurgical and chemical slag with basalt rock using similar methods used in the production of fiberglass. The resulting stone cotton wool is used as insulation and as a sound absorbing material. It is also highly resistant to temperatures of up to 600 degrees Celsius and is not water-dependent. It is used as insulation in industrial installations, pipes and boilers, etc., as well as for the construction of insulation walls and roofs. Stone wool is also widely used as sound-absorbing material for television, radio and drama studios.
Fiberglass is a unique material that has become the basis for the production of such building materials as fiberglass, fiberglass, etc. These materials are very much in demand in modern construction and repair, as they are endowed with special properties of glass fiber.
What is fiberglass?
Fiber is an artificial fiber that is made from the melt of inorganic glass. For its manufacture use also raw materials, which is for ordinary glass. Glass fiber consists of thin threads that do not break and bend easily without breaking.
Fiberglass produce two kinds: continuous fiberglass and spatula fiberglass.
Continuous fiberglass is obtained by mechanical stretching through the fillers from the molten glass mass. Continuous fiberglass is similar to silk and can be a thousand meters long.
The spatula fiber is formed by inflating molten glass, hot gas or air. The fiberglass is made up to half a meter long and resembles wool or cotton.