At a time when your housing is taken in strict accounting for every square meter, but nevertheless, there is a desire to equip the place where you can relax-perfect sauna in the basement of a private home.
Note that this is just a unique way to combine two things: lean and economical use of space in the House, as well as an exclusive opportunity here have their own bath.
Contrast baths in the basement of a separate construction
So what is the main difference in the basement of the bathhouse equipment from free-standing buildings, and is there any advantages? Of course! And you’ll be amazed at what all just lies in the cost of heating. The fact of the matter is that a private house and a separate area for bath-this is two separate Foundation slabs and, accordingly, the heat must be each individually. Well, bath in the basement of a private home or basement is, in turn, as a minimum:
total plate of overlapping;
in winter underground always warmer than above;
opportunity to get into a steam room directly from the living room;
significant reduction in cash costs during construction.
It should also be noted that it is in the basement of the best equip pool, determine the place for billiard or combine all communications are private houses and baths. In other words, if the bath or the sauna is allocated a ground floor, in such a case, it makes no sense to save each allotted meter. For example, in private construction have to think whether to allocate additional space for the waiting room, or immediately equip the entrance to the lounge directly from washing.
Bath in the basement of the House. What you should know
Before starting work, it is necessary to develop a detailed project plan for the construction of baths, thoroughly consider all the aspects, right down to the last detail. It will post a bath around the exterior walls, which in turn will be able to ensure its efficient ventilation. Directly to this, around the perimeter of the CAP should establish special vents for the implementation of the airing of a premise. Your House was not damp, organize a forced-air ventilation, and possibly even push.
Besides all this, in the process of construction of baths in the basement, it is very important to correctly pick up materials to create walls. First and foremost, from their high-quality thermal insulation directly depends on efficiency of use of the premises. In order to protect the House from high levels of humidity, heat, steam, as well as noise insulation materials used for different purposes. For example, in the steam room should be reflecting insulation to perform-reinforced foil. Walls can be made of brick or frame types. Interior bathes in the basement, it is strongly recommended not to plastic lining, as the plastic in the time of exposure to high temperatures, tends to allocate toxic substances. Also, in the process of building works preferably completely exclude a variety of foam. But in any case, the wall should be performed with steam and heat insulation. It should be noted that it is best to keep the warmth of timber frame construction, which is used as a placeholder for stone wool with very low thermal conductivity. Also, it is an excellent option for insulating the floor baths in the basement. Note that this type of heater is fireproof.
It is important! Remember that any fibrous insulation must be extremely dry. Otherwise, to insulate the wall will simply useless.
And another important point is the electricity wiring to the bath. The temperature in the steam room is very high, thus, all wiring must be placed closer to the floor-this is where the temperature degree is significantly lower.
How to build a basement bath
In that case, if the dimensions of the basement dry and allow to arrange bath with steam room-there is a Variant, which examines the construction of only one wall of the basement, and the remaining three walls and the Foundation will match with the walls and foundations of the House.
Note that one of the most important devices in this bath is a sink, which should give the used water, and prevent the emergence of any unpleasant odours. For this purpose, from concrete is made to mine vertical depth, where in winter the soil won’t freeze. Horizontal section of this method at 0.5 0.5 metre shaft connected to the steam room, and 2/3 to 1/3-in the washing room. Water, which is used, is displayed outside the infield directly on a pipe with a gradient.
The upper perimeter of the vertical shaft, install the square of double metal corners, which you need to equip a special grid for shallow water purification. In order for the water not to prevent any spillage by grid, you must install a small canopy with side sex over mine. In turn, Paul you need to perform a little with a bias towards mine.
About the Foundation, in such a case, the best option will be tape look. Note that before you start laying bricks, originally required shelter Foundation waterproofing material. Ground floor is covered with plastic wrap, roofing material, filled with cement, which should include sand, all are reinforced. Seven days later, on top of this construction should lay roofing material, pour gravel and re-inject the cement mortar, reinforced. Next, you must prepare a concrete base for clean floor.
Heating baths in the basement is done using stoves-heaters. Her best placing the riser near the chimney. Directly below the oven you need to build a foundation. Departing a short distance from a wall, pulled the pit in turn that around on 5-10 cm more than the size of the furnace. Then, in a pit covered with rubble and all good compaction, then filled with mortar. Brick laying is carried out in several rows, but not brought to the floor level bath and poured the Foundation of the solution. The next step is waterproofing layer gasket and mounting the oven base.
Furnace installation occurs in such a way that the closed fire were in a waiting room. Directly from the oven, you want to see the pipe-especially for this is a hole in the basement of the building.
Before the coupler base should insulate buildings. Note that it is necessary to perform a slight slope to the point of discharge. Next-heat and vapor barrier walls and ceilings of the baths, for which it is necessary to use a material with a layer-reflector. Insulation is unrolled party inside the building.
Assembling the skeleton of the upper and lower shelves runs from pine lumber. After that is done finish interior walls sweating-room clapboard. In this case, it is best to use deciduous trees. It must be screwed vertically, while leaving more gaps between floor and ceiling. a floor comes with a space for direct water runoff. Then, nailed a plinth.
Special attention also take the door, because this depends largely on the thermal insulation of steam rooms and other settings. In particular the material constituting the door must meet certain specifications regarding resistance to temperature extremes and high humidity.
For lighting, apply exclusively to water-resistant fixtures for bath, but divorce wiring should be carried out at the bottom, using the corrugated tube as near the floor temperature will be lower.
Thus, we can draw the appropriate conclusions-equip bath with their hands in the basement of a private home is quite possible. The most important thing that is required in this case is the strict observance of all the recommendations and, if necessary, use the services of professionals who are always ready to help you, and indicate some of the nuances of the construction process.
Besides all this, it is necessary to use only high quality and proven materials, because savings on them can later play a bad joke. For example, if suddenly waterproofing premises will be damaged, it can lead to the destruction of the foundations and, consequently, serious problems in the operation of private homes.
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