How to cover the roof with roofing material
No one will dispute that the roof – the main element of the house , which performs a variety of functions . Moreover, it protects the house from different types of precipitation, but also is an important component in the design of the design of the building. That is why the construction and reconstruction of the roof must be taken with the utmost seriousness and attention. To properly cover the roof with roofing material , it is necessary first of all to decide what kind of roofing material is right for your home.
Why Choose roofing material
If you ask what is the best roofing material , 9 out of 10 people will say, roofing felt . Those who decided to cover the roof with roofing felt made the right choice .
Roofing felt is a traditional material for the soft roof . It is always great skill and continues to cope with the tasks assigned to it.
Roofing material allows you to quickly , easily, and effectively protect the roof from rain . Besides Roofing coating serves to 40 years and often for longer.
Today the market offers us both traditional and brand new Mothers – evroruberoid , or, to speak correctly , the membrane polymer- bitumen , directed .
Types of roofing
Traditional insulation roofing material
By traditional insulation roofing material we mean cardboard, both sides finished dense bituminous coating. In this article there is no such additive as a bitumen modifier , because of which the strength is not high enough . A kind of roofing material , which is based on fiberglass, has a much more durable.
This type of roofing material , replacing traditional materials are now widely used for the construction work of any kind. Its structure resembles the structure of the traditional roofing material , but the technological features of production are quite different.
Through the use of modern technology of roofing material will be totally different mechanical and physical properties such as flexibility , strength and ability to withstand high temperatures and aging.
The top layer is covered with a special evroruberoida topping most often use granite or basalt , and the bottom covered with a thin layer of release film . The presence of such a film does not give the rolled roofing felt bonded. In addition, when installing tar paper on the roof of this film serves as a regulator , as soon as it melts , it can be assumed that the bitumen has warmed to the desired temperature .
The quality of all types of roofing material has to say his weight : that it indicates how much of the bitumen contained in the roofing material. The higher the weight , the better this roofing material.
Self-adhesive roofing material
This is a completely new kind of traditional roofing material. It is not for nothing belongs to a new generation. Adhesive properties of this material are activated by incoming solar heat , it allows you to work on the paving quickly , effortlessly and, more importantly , with significant cost savings .
The process of laying roofing felt
Everyone , even if his hands are not ” gold ” can do the job of covering a roof with roofing material on their own and even alone . It’s easy if you follow the rules and know the intricacies of styling , which substantially affect the result of the work .
Properly prepare the foundation on which will be laid roofing material – a very important step. We need to remove all the excess : garbage, building materials , dirt and dust.
The surface must be leveled , freeing it from the large differences in height or dents. The alignment process is carried out using screed thickness of no more than 1 cm, while by no means be neglected by checking the level ( laser or gidrourovnya ) .
It will be just fine if using twine exhibited beacons on them is much easier to do tie . Another important condition : the surface have to be dry.
The application of mastic
Getting no less important phase – covering the roof with roofing material . Apply the paste. This operation can be done with a brush or roller – it all depends on the area of the roof.
Do not rush immediately to lay roofing material, be sure to let the mastic applied a little ” get to grips ” with the surface. Setting time can be read at the bank, in which there was a mastic, but this time you need to adjust depending on the air temperature and humidity.
preparation of roofing material
In order to work with the roofing material does not cause trouble , it should be during the day soaking in the unfolded state . If this is not possible, just make a roll to roll in the opposite direction.
Our sealant has dried up, and you can proceed to the immediate installation of roofing material . To get a quality roofing , you need to put two layers of roofing material . For the first layer of roofing material without the use prostilochny crumbs , and the second – a material with stone chippings .
Work on the roof covering should be started with the lowest point. This is important to ensure that the upper sheets ” overwhelmed ” lower . This coating protects the joints from water , even a tightly taped sheets are not always sure can protect from moisture.
The next layer of roofing felt , the second account , the technology requires a stack , moving it to the sheet half , in which case the seam of the lower layer is the middle layer of the upper sheet .
Bonding of roofing material
Getting to the end cover of the roof with roofing material . To complete this phase of the work we need a gas burner . With its help warm up the roofing material with cement. Warming up in the produce sections of 25-35 cm
Roofing material is glued to the film, which is in the process of warming up is white and burnt. This serves as a signal that the roof covering is ready for glueing . The heated portion is attached to the mastic and then rolled a special roller.
If the surface there are deep potholes , then roll the roller qualitatively such a surface will not work. The result over time in those places will condense , leading to deterioration of the roofing . So once again I emphasize : before laying the roofing material surface should be well -prepared.
If the irregularities can not be avoided , roofing material in these problem areas should be pressed against the roof by any means at hand , including your hands with gloves. This rule must be strictly carry – material should be as tightly around the base.
It is important to know about the installation of roofing material
It so happens that on the roof are pipes, shafts and chimneys. Around them the roofing material should be trimmed so that the pieces were overlapped overlapping. If for some reason this is not possible , cover with a piece of this area a few strips of roofing material.
It is very important to glue sheets of roofing material to the edge of the roof. This stage of the follow very carefully, otherwise your roofing material blown off by the wind. To ensure greater reliability would be better to fix the roofing material at the edge of the roof with metal or wooden slats .
Now that you know how to cover the roof with roofing material – it is quite simple. With the proper implementation of all stages of the work , the roof will get smart elegant look , while its roof covering will serve as a ” faithfully ” to protect the house from rain .